Media Sector Unit 7- task 2

To study legal issues of the media industry we had Phil Upton come in every week to teach us about this important information. I am going to use this page to jot down my notes.

In the Uk there are 44 local radio stations and 3 regional radio stations.

Lord Reith is the founder of the BBC.

BBC’s public ethical values to educate ,to inform and to entertain.

Classic FM is the UK’s only commercial national radio station a “global radio” station. Global radio is one of the most successful radio company’s ever they own.

  • Classic FM for age bracket 45-54
  • smooth 45-54
  • XFM 15-24
  • LBC 45-54
  • Gold 45+

BBC 3 Gets on average 300, 000 listeners regionally

heart gets 700,00 listeners in the Midlands

Capitol gets 400,00 listeners in the Midlands

Free radio 300,00 listeners in the Midlands

BBC radio 1 specialises in promoting new and upcoming artists as there strap line is “in new music music we trust”. The BBC don’t care about the amount of listeners they get as long as they reach there target demographics., for example BBC radio 3 caters to classical listeners as long as they reach them listeners they don’t care.

RAJAR- Radio Joint Audience Research. Was set up in 1992 to align, design and operate a single audience measurement system for the UK radio industry serving both the BBC and licensed commercial stations.

OFCOM- (office of communications) is the communications regulator. We regulate the TV and radio sectors, fixed line telecoms, mobiles, postal services, plus the airwaves over which wireless devices operate.

CARA- commercial radio contracts association

BAFTA- British academy television film arts

PCC- press complaints commission
ad standards authority
Deals with complaints about editorial content for newspaper magazine

Asa- uk independent regulator for advertising standards sciotey across the media.

Legal issues part 2

Protecting the under 18’s-

Material that might seriously impair the physical, mental or moral development of people under eighteen must not be broadcast.

In the provision of services, broadcasters must take all reasonable steps to protect people under eighteen. For television services, this is in addition to their obligations resulting from the Audiovisual Media Services Directive .

Children must also be protected by appropriate scheduling from material that is unsuitable for them. This means inappropriate content must be shown after the watershed ( after 21:00)

Crime

In any program reconstructions of crime must be safe and cannot in any way show howto commit the crime.

Religion

Delt with reasonable and shouldn’t be used to recruit members and followers. They cant broadcast one religion. Many different views must be represented to prevent the voices of extremists

Due impartiality

To not favor one side, they have to show all political views  such as the BNP. All  party’s must have equal time to broadcast there views.

Fairness

to treat people fairly by both contributors getting fair time. The contributors must have the right to reply.

Privacy

Enter home without consent where people must sign papers if they are recording there. Journalists arnt allowed to use methods that would invade peoples privacy such as hacking into phones.

 

 

References

 

 

How is our media regulated and what legal and ethical constraints are placed on

out media sector?

The media as a whole can be a very fun industry to work in but with everything

you produce you have to go through very tough constraints so your content can

be suitable for the public. This essay explores some of the constraints the media

sector has on content producers.

The BBC is a publically funded corporation. The BBC gets all of its money from

TV licences, which the public pays for each year. The cost of the licence fee is

£145.50 for a colour television. Due to everyone having to pay the TV licence

fee to watch television such as Freeview like BBC 1, there is some controversy

with this because some people think that they shouldn’t be paying each year for

channels like BBC 4, which some people don’t watch. The BBC has to have such

a wide variety programmes and channels as everyone pays for the licence fee so

they have to cater for everyone’s likes and dislikes so they have to have channels

like BBC 4. This doesn’t just go for television as well there is over 59 BBC radio

stations, because there’s is so much diversity in music they have to cater for

everyone’s likes.

Companies such as channel 4 and ITV are commercial broadcasters. This

means that they are funded by advertisements in commercial brakes usually

every 15 minutes every hour. Because commercial broadcasters solely reliant on

how many viewers they have to bring in money from advertisements they have to

be populists so they have to cater what the public wants. Which ever

programme will pull in the most viewers they will air regardless. This means that

the commercial broadcasters won’t hardly ever produce content that will appeal

to niche viewers that wouldn’t pull in that many viewers.

Regardless of the type of broadcaster, commercial or public they have to follow a

set amount of rules from regulatory body’s within the UK. The regulatory bodies

are all set in place to place to protect the public from broadcasters content.

Not in a physical way but in ways that may offend the public in any way. For

example the PCC (press complaints commission)

editorial content for newspaper and magazines or RAJAR (Radio Joint Audience

Research) was set up in 1992 to align, design and operate a single audience

measurement system for the UK radio industry serving both the BBC and

licensed commercial stations. These are just a few examples on what regulators

we have in the English broadcast industry and what they do. Each of them all

have there own individual set code that broadcasters have to follow.

Freedom of speech is the belief that one can express there own opinions without

the involvement of the government. Within the media sector we would want to

believe that we do have free speech but do we really? With all of the regulatory

bodies with laws such as broadcasters can’t just broadcast one major religion

and that many different views has to be opinionated to remove the opinions

of extremists. News reports have to be careful with what content they have

within the report as people may get offended, this brings me on to the point that

news broadcasters have to be careful with what they produce because they

know if they become offensive to one group it could lead to loss in sales as

that’s singleing out one demographics which could potentially lead to the loss

of more things as the demographics they singled out in the first place tells other

demographics that stop buying that paper to.

deals with complaints about

Broadcasters have to find out the fine line between content that’s suitable for

public viewing and content that may offend the public. They have to be careful

about what they post or say because what the do may get them in trouble. A

broadcaster cant voice just one opinion, if a customer complains about company,

broadcasters would have to get a representative from that company to voice their

opinions because the broadcasters can get sued for bad representation.

The ofcom code, is a code that all broadcasters in the uk try to follow. It falls

under many different categories that are meant to protect certain groups of

people these categories include…

• Crime- In any program reconstructions of crime must be safe and

cannot in any way show how to commit the crime.

• Protecting the under 18’s- Material that might seriously impair the

physical, mental or moral development of people under eighteen must

not be broadcast.

• Religion- Dealt with reasonable and shouldn’t be used to recruit

members and followers. They can’t broadcast one religion. Many

different views must be represented to prevent the voices of extremists

• Due impartiality- To not favor one side, they have to show all political

views such as the BNP. All parties must have equal time to broadcast

their views.

• Fairness- to treat people fairly by both contributors getting fair time.

The contributors must have the right to reply.

• Privacy- Enter home without consent where people must sign papers if

they are recording there. Journalists aren’t allowed to use methods that

would invade people’s privacy such as hacking into phones.

Some broadcasters even have their own broadcast code they follow like the

bbc which has the bbc producer guidelines. Which is a set amount of rules

the bbc uses to ensure their content is good in the publics eyes. There first

rule above all else is “Audiences are at the heart of everything we do.” they

follow on to say that they are here to serve the public and that means all of

the public thats why the bbc has channels such as bbc because it serves a

niche audience. The means BBC is a self regulatory body.

Reporters have to be careful with what they say in whatever they decide to

report about as they don’t want to affect the liability of that person. the liability

is when someone publishes false statement’s that is damaging to a person’s

reputation. They also have to be careful about defaming someone with

slander, slander being making false information about someone and defaming

being destroying the reputation of someone. They have to respect the laws

that are placed and not to be in contempt of the law, meaning they have to

respect them and not ignore them.

The government keeps a tight grasp on the media creating such news as

the official secrets act where people aren’t allowed discuss the ongoings of

war through the media the most notable was brian Hanrahan when he wasn’t

allowed say if any of the fighter aeroplanes were ok or not, so all he said

was he counted them all out and counted them back in. This showed us that

reporters have to always be creative in how they report there news, there

might be a loophole you can always take advantage off.

When Chris Blakemore came to see us and give us a talk about the BBC

news room he told us about duty lawyers. These people are the lawyers

that work for the BBC and take care of all the BBC problems. He showed us

that the BBC news website constantly updates to show news from a local

area. This shows us that the BBC has tons of correspondents from around

birmingham.

Tabloids are the biggest offenders, normally of the codes set by regulatory

bodies. They try and use the most shocking techniques to get the best sales.

In 2013 the most complained about newspaper the daily male taking in 36%

of the total complaints given to the PCC. News of the world was one of the

most popularists newspapers a few years back but when the public found

out that they use phone hacking techniques to acquire news. The most

famous case being the Milly Dowler case where news of the world hacked a

missing girls phone, deleting all of the recorded messages making the family

believe she was still alive. The Leveson Enquiry was an inquiry set up by the

government to follow the ethical practice of newspapers following the news

of the world scandal. It showed us the relationship between the public and

the press looking into if any other newspapers have been taking part in illegal

activity.

How is our media regulated and what legal and ethical constraints are placed on

out media sector?

The media as a whole can be a very fun industry to work in but with everything

you produce you have to go through very tough constraints so your content can

be suitable for the public. This essay explores some of the constraints the media

sector has on content producers.

The BBC is a publically funded corporation. The BBC gets all of its money from

TV licences, which the public pays for each year. The cost of the licence fee is

£145.50 for a colour television. Due to everyone having to pay the TV licence

fee to watch television such as Freeview like BBC 1, there is some controversy

with this because some people think that they shouldn’t be paying each year for

channels like BBC 4, which some people don’t watch. The BBC has to have such

a wide variety programmes and channels as everyone pays for the licence fee so

they have to cater for everyone’s likes and dislikes so they have to have channels

like BBC 4. This doesn’t just go for television as well there is over 59 BBC radio

stations, because there’s is so much diversity in music they have to cater for

everyone’s likes.

Companies such as channel 4 and ITV are commercial broadcasters. This

means that they are funded by advertisements in commercial brakes usually

every 15 minutes every hour. Because commercial broadcasters solely reliant on

how many viewers they have to bring in money from advertisements they have to

be populists so they have to cater what the public wants. Which ever

programme will pull in the most viewers they will air regardless. This means that

the commercial broadcasters won’t hardly ever produce content that will appeal

to niche viewers that wouldn’t pull in that many viewers.

Regardless of the type of broadcaster, commercial or public they have to follow a

set amount of rules from regulatory body’s within the UK. The regulatory bodies

are all set in place to place to protect the public from broadcasters content.

Not in a physical way but in ways that may offend the public in any way. For

example the PCC (press complaints commission)

editorial content for newspaper and magazines or RAJAR (Radio Joint Audience

Research) was set up in 1992 to align, design and operate a single audience

measurement system for the UK radio industry serving both the BBC and

licensed commercial stations. These are just a few examples on what regulators

we have in the English broadcast industry and what they do. Each of them all

have there own individual set code that broadcasters have to follow.

Freedom of speech is the belief that one can express there own opinions without

the involvement of the government. Within the media sector we would want to

believe that we do have free speech but do we really? With all of the regulatory

bodies with laws such as broadcasters can’t just broadcast one major religion

and that many different views has to be opinionated to remove the opinions

of extremists. News reports have to be careful with what content they have

within the report as people may get offended, this brings me on to the point that

news broadcasters have to be careful with what they produce because they

know if they become offensive to one group it could lead to loss in sales as

that’s singleing out one demographics which could potentially lead to the loss

of more things as the demographics they singled out in the first place tells other

demographics that stop buying that paper to.

deals with complaints about

Broadcasters have to find out the fine line between content that’s suitable for

public viewing and content that may offend the public. They have to be careful

about what they post or say because what the do may get them in trouble. A

broadcaster cant voice just one opinion, if a customer complains about company,

broadcasters would have to get a representative from that company to voice their

opinions because the broadcasters can get sued for bad representation.

The ofcom code, is a code that all broadcasters in the uk try to follow. It falls

under many different categories that are meant to protect certain groups of

people these categories include…

• Crime- In any program reconstructions of crime must be safe and

cannot in any way show how to commit the crime.

• Protecting the under 18’s- Material that might seriously impair the

physical, mental or moral development of people under eighteen must

not be broadcast.

• Religion- Dealt with reasonable and shouldn’t be used to recruit

members and followers. They can’t broadcast one religion. Many

different views must be represented to prevent the voices of extremists

• Due impartiality- To not favor one side, they have to show all political

views such as the BNP. All parties must have equal time to broadcast

their views.

• Fairness- to treat people fairly by both contributors getting fair time.

The contributors must have the right to reply.

• Privacy- Enter home without consent where people must sign papers if

they are recording there. Journalists aren’t allowed to use methods that

would invade people’s privacy such as hacking into phones.

Some broadcasters even have their own broadcast code they follow like the

bbc which has the bbc producer guidelines. Which is a set amount of rules

the bbc uses to ensure their content is good in the publics eyes. There first

rule above all else is “Audiences are at the heart of everything we do.” they

follow on to say that they are here to serve the public and that means all of

the public thats why the bbc has channels such as bbc because it serves a

niche audience. The means BBC is a self regulatory body.

Reporters have to be careful with what they say in whatever they decide to

report about as they don’t want to affect the liability of that person. the liability

is when someone publishes false statement’s that is damaging to a person’s

reputation. They also have to be careful about defaming someone with

slander, slander being making false information about someone and defaming

being destroying the reputation of someone. They have to respect the laws

that are placed and not to be in contempt of the law, meaning they have to

respect them and not ignore them.

The government keeps a tight grasp on the media creating such news as

the official secrets act where people aren’t allowed discuss the ongoings of

war through the media the most notable was brian Hanrahan when he wasn’t

allowed say if any of the fighter aeroplanes were ok or not, so all he said

was he counted them all out and counted them back in. This showed us that

reporters have to always be creative in how they report there news, there

might be a loophole you can always take advantage off.

When Chris Blakemore came to see us and give us a talk about the BBC

news room he told us about duty lawyers. These people are the lawyers

that work for the BBC and take care of all the BBC problems. He showed us

that the BBC news website constantly updates to show news from a local

area. This shows us that the BBC has tons of correspondents from around

birmingham.

Tabloids are the biggest offenders, normally of the codes set by regulatory

bodies. They try and use the most shocking techniques to get the best sales.

In 2013 the most complained about newspaper the daily male taking in 36%

of the total complaints given to the PCC. News of the world was one of the

most popularists newspapers a few years back but when the public found

out that they use phone hacking techniques to acquire news. The most

famous case being the Milly Dowler case where news of the world hacked a

missing girls phone, deleting all of the recorded messages making the family

believe she was still alive. The Leveson Enquiry was an inquiry set up by the

government to follow the ethical practice of newspapers following the news

of the world scandal. It showed us the relationship between the public and

the press looking into if any other newspapers have been taking part in illegal

activity.

How is our media regulated and what legal and ethical constraints are placed on

out media sector?

The media as a whole can be a very fun industry to work in but with everything

you produce you have to go through very tough constraints so your content can

be suitable for the public. This essay explores some of the constraints the media

sector has on content producers.

The BBC is a publically funded corporation. The BBC gets all of its money from

TV licences, which the public pays for each year. The cost of the licence fee is

£145.50 for a colour television. Due to everyone having to pay the TV licence

fee to watch television such as Freeview like BBC 1, there is some controversy

with this because some people think that they shouldn’t be paying each year for

channels like BBC 4, which some people don’t watch. The BBC has to have such

a wide variety programmes and channels as everyone pays for the licence fee so

they have to cater for everyone’s likes and dislikes so they have to have channels

like BBC 4. This doesn’t just go for television as well there is over 59 BBC radio

stations, because there’s is so much diversity in music they have to cater for

everyone’s likes.

Companies such as channel 4 and ITV are commercial broadcasters. This

means that they are funded by advertisements in commercial brakes usually

every 15 minutes every hour. Because commercial broadcasters solely reliant on

how many viewers they have to bring in money from advertisements they have to

be populists so they have to cater what the public wants. Which ever

programme will pull in the most viewers they will air regardless. This means that

the commercial broadcasters won’t hardly ever produce content that will appeal

to niche viewers that wouldn’t pull in that many viewers.

Regardless of the type of broadcaster, commercial or public they have to follow a

set amount of rules from regulatory body’s within the UK. The regulatory bodies

are all set in place to place to protect the public from broadcasters content.

Not in a physical way but in ways that may offend the public in any way. For

example the PCC (press complaints commission)

editorial content for newspaper and magazines or RAJAR (Radio Joint Audience

Research) was set up in 1992 to align, design and operate a single audience

measurement system for the UK radio industry serving both the BBC and

licensed commercial stations. These are just a few examples on what regulators

we have in the English broadcast industry and what they do. Each of them all

have there own individual set code that broadcasters have to follow.

Freedom of speech is the belief that one can express there own opinions without

the involvement of the government. Within the media sector we would want to

believe that we do have free speech but do we really? With all of the regulatory

bodies with laws such as broadcasters can’t just broadcast one major religion

and that many different views has to be opinionated to remove the opinions

of extremists. News reports have to be careful with what content they have

within the report as people may get offended, this brings me on to the point that

news broadcasters have to be careful with what they produce because they

know if they become offensive to one group it could lead to loss in sales as

that’s singleing out one demographics which could potentially lead to the loss

of more things as the demographics they singled out in the first place tells other

demographics that stop buying that paper to.

deals with complaints about

Broadcasters have to find out the fine line between content that’s suitable for

public viewing and content that may offend the public. They have to be careful

about what they post or say because what the do may get them in trouble. A

broadcaster cant voice just one opinion, if a customer complains about company,

broadcasters would have to get a representative from that company to voice their

opinions because the broadcasters can get sued for bad representation.

The ofcom code, is a code that all broadcasters in the uk try to follow. It falls

under many different categories that are meant to protect certain groups of

people these categories include…

• Crime- In any program reconstructions of crime must be safe and

cannot in any way show how to commit the crime.

• Protecting the under 18’s- Material that might seriously impair the

physical, mental or moral development of people under eighteen must

not be broadcast.

• Religion- Dealt with reasonable and shouldn’t be used to recruit

members and followers. They can’t broadcast one religion. Many

different views must be represented to prevent the voices of extremists

• Due impartiality- To not favor one side, they have to show all political

views such as the BNP. All parties must have equal time to broadcast

their views.

• Fairness- to treat people fairly by both contributors getting fair time.

The contributors must have the right to reply.

• Privacy- Enter home without consent where people must sign papers if

they are recording there. Journalists aren’t allowed to use methods that

would invade people’s privacy such as hacking into phones.

Some broadcasters even have their own broadcast code they follow like the

bbc which has the bbc producer guidelines. Which is a set amount of rules

the bbc uses to ensure their content is good in the publics eyes. There first

rule above all else is “Audiences are at the heart of everything we do.” they

follow on to say that they are here to serve the public and that means all of

the public thats why the bbc has channels such as bbc because it serves a

niche audience. The means BBC is a self regulatory body.

Reporters have to be careful with what they say in whatever they decide to

report about as they don’t want to affect the liability of that person. the liability

is when someone publishes false statement’s that is damaging to a person’s

reputation. They also have to be careful about defaming someone with

slander, slander being making false information about someone and defaming

being destroying the reputation of someone. They have to respect the laws

that are placed and not to be in contempt of the law, meaning they have to

respect them and not ignore them.

The government keeps a tight grasp on the media creating such news as

the official secrets act where people aren’t allowed discuss the ongoings of

war through the media the most notable was brian Hanrahan when he wasn’t

allowed say if any of the fighter aeroplanes were ok or not, so all he said

was he counted them all out and counted them back in. This showed us that

reporters have to always be creative in how they report there news, there

might be a loophole you can always take advantage off.

When Chris Blakemore came to see us and give us a talk about the BBC

news room he told us about duty lawyers. These people are the lawyers

that work for the BBC and take care of all the BBC problems. He showed us

that the BBC news website constantly updates to show news from a local

area. This shows us that the BBC has tons of correspondents from around

birmingham.

Tabloids are the biggest offenders, normally of the codes set by regulatory

bodies. They try and use the most shocking techniques to get the best sales.

In 2013 the most complained about newspaper the daily male taking in 36%

of the total complaints given to the PCC. News of the world was one of the

most popularists newspapers a few years back but when the public found

out that they use phone hacking techniques to acquire news. The most

famous case being the Milly Dowler case where news of the world hacked a

missing girls phone, deleting all of the recorded messages making the family

believe she was still alive. The Leveson Enquiry was an inquiry set up by the

government to follow the ethical practice of newspapers following the news

of the world scandal. It showed us the relationship between the public and

the press looking into if any other newspapers have been taking part in illegal

activity.

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s